Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Cresswell I 20 f
Katz-Fodor semantics/Cresswell: Thesis: meanings are theoretical constructions. - E.g. lexical decomposition: (object), (Physical), (not alive), (artifact), (furniture), (portable), (Something with legs), (something with a back), (something with a seating area) (seat for one). - CresswellVs: that does not explain what "object" is. - Problem: "Electron" has no intelligible theoretical construction. - What should be the "most basic" construction? -> Possible worlds (poss. w.).
Semantics/Word Meaning/CresswellVsKatz: E.g. "chair": a function w so that for every possible world w and thing a, w ε w (a) iff. a is a chair in w.
I 32
Problem: this is not entirely accurate: as there is a reference to various possible worlds, there should also be one for various moments where something is a chair in a moment, but not in another.
I 22
Katz: Thesis: the distinction between "logical" and "descriptive" words is arbitrary (Cresswell pro).
CresswellVsKatz: he, of all things, uses implicit logical constants - and therefore relies on the distinction

J. J. Katz
The Metaphysics of Meaning

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-23