|Endurantism: Endurantism is an expression for the conception that objects exist at all times in total to which they exist at all. They gain and lose properties, however, as an object which simply acquires or loses these properties - e.g. a certain age. The counterposition is the Perdurantism, which assumes that objects consist of temporal parts, each of which is identical with the whole object and must be described as these, that is, as objects-to-a-point of time. See also change, movement, time, person, identity, temporal identity, four-dimensionalism, naked individuals, intrinsic, extrinsic, world lines._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Schwarz I 34
Endurantism/Van Inwagen/Schwarz: e.g. caterpillar/butterfly: thesis: there is no insect, nothing that exists beyond the pupation.
Recombination/Mereology/Schwarz: the existence of temporal parts follows directly from the mereological universalism together with the rejection of the presentism. Then there are also example aggregates from Socrates and Eiffel Tower (mereological sum) Socrates is a temporal part of it, which at some point ceases to exist. Just as e.g. a dried-out lake that fills up again at the rainy season.
Temporal parts/van Inwagen: (van Inwagen 1981)(1) van Inwagen basically rejects temporal parts.
SchwarzVsInwagen: then he has to radically limit the mereological universalism or be a presenter.
1. Peter van Inwagen : “The Doctrine of Arbitrary Undetached Parts”. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 62: 123–137._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Peter van Inwagen
Metaphysics Fourth Edition
David Lewis Bielefeld 2005