|Actual: in relation to the real world as opposed to a merely possible world or situation._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Lewis IV 22
Primary sense: refers to the possible worlds in which the utterance is made.
Secondary sense: moves the reference into the context.
This must be taken more into account than I did in the main text:
(according to Peter van Inwagen and Allen Hazen)
Only primary sense:
There could have been items which differ from the actual ones,
I could be richer than I really am
Only secondary sense:
The following is contingent: in the actual world Caesar was assassinated
Be "Alpha" the name of the actual world: Alpha (without quotation marks) could not have been the actual world
Be "Beta" a world, Beta could also be actual.
The examples show that one needs both: primary and secondary sense._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Peter van Inwagen
Metaphysics Fourth Edition
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989
Konventionen Berlin 1975
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991