|Knowledge: Knowledge is a conscious relationship to sentences or propositions, which legitimately attributes to them truth or falsehood. What is known is true. Conversely, it does not apply that everything that is true is also known. See also knowledge how, propositional knowledge, realism, abilities, competence, truth, facts, situations, language, certainty, beliefs, omniscience, logical knowledge, reliability_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
False Knowledge/Frith: E.g. Epilepsy: Can lead to false knowledge > Aura.
Aura: lets the person concerned hear voices and sounds. Also e.g. experiences from the past.
Can lead to false knowledge.
Schizophrenia/Frith: Typical characteristic: E.g. the people firmly believe they had had experiences, which they did not have however.
Illusion/Schizophrenia/Frith: people hear voices that give them commands and comment on actions. The brain can create a false mental world. It is not about the physical world.
Thesis: Even the completely normally functioning brain can tell us something wrong.
Brain/world/reality/perception/Frith: thesis: even if our brain works normally, we have no direct access to the world._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013