|Behaviorism: presupposes observable and observed behavior and derives predictions of further behavior from them. As few assumptions as possible about a mental inner life are used for explanation. See also mentalism, behavior, consciousness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Pawlow/Pawlov/Frith: his experiments differ strongly from behaviorism, even though they are often subsumed under it today.
PawlowVsBehaviorism: Pawlow was interested in the physiological mechanisms underlying mental phenomena.
Definition absolute/unconditioned reflex/Pawlow: formation of the salivary flow when hearing the bell. Or: the process that causes the formation.
Definition conditional reflex/conditioned reflex/Pawlow: the reflex consists in the fact that the dog took the bell as the signal for food and expected to be fed. It also turned his head in the direction from which normally the food came.
Definition Conditioning/Frith: "classical conditioning": means only the association between the bell and the salivary flow. Not the expectation and the head turn, more complex processes are here at work.
Association/Pawlow/Frith: no association occurred when the bell sounded only five to 10 seconds after the feeding of the feed.
Stimulus: a stimulus is only interesting if it predicts an event. Later, it is uninteresting.
Learning/Pawlow/Frith: The learning that Pawlow discovered, is precisely the form of learning we need to survive. It is not sufficient to learn what things are good or bad, we also need to learn how to get them._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013