|Meaning: The meaning of an expression differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, compositionality, reference, truth._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Chris Frith on Meaning - Dictionary of Arguments
Meaning/words/language/Frith: the problem of the meaning of words is a version of the problem of movements and goals.
Movement: e.g. from the movement of walking we do not see whether someone wants to go to the next bakery or to Patagonia.
Definition forward problem: what happens when I exert certain forces on this system: this problem is solvable.
Inverse problem: when this movement happens, what is the intention, what forces does it result from? An ambiguity remains, there are several solutions.
Brain/movement/Frith: we do not know exactly how the brain defines the "best solution" for movements._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013