Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Utopia: the imaginary design of a non-existent social state in literature or political discussion. While the utopia sketches a positive alternative to the present, the dystopia depicts a negative horror vision. Characteristic of utopias is the emphasis on their almost impossible realizability. See also politics, society, history.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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J.-J. Rousseau on Utopia - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 27
Utopia/KropotkinVsRousseau/Rousseau: Kropotkin criticized Rousseau as the protagonist of a positive-optimistic image of the human. (See also Anarchism/Kropotkin, Darwinism/Kropotkin.)
VsKropotkin: Overall, however, "Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution" (1) seems like a biological interpretation ((s too) under positive-optimistic signs, despite a few inserts to the contrary: Behaviour in the sense of solidarity and support are regarded as suphistoric constants of human social behaviour, which are ultimately natural and inherent in all individuals.

1. Pjotr Alexejewitsch Kropotkin, Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution, London 1902. Dt.: Peter Kropotkin, Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt. Mit einem Nachwort neu herausgegeben von Henning Ritter, Frankfurt/M./Berlin/Wien 1975.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Rousseau I
J. J. Rousseau
Les Confessions, 1765-1770, publ. 1782-1789
German Edition:
The Confessions 1953

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-08-05
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