Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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I 65
Vector/Newton/Bigelow/Pargetter: explains the positions of the object, not vice versa.
Problem: seems to require the assumption that a body could have a velocity without taking several positions.
Solution/Bigelow/Pargetter: the connection between velocity and positions is created so that the vector explains the change of position, not because it is defined by the change.
Movement/location/change/position/change/status/Bigelow/Pargetter: although both are logically independent of each other, they are connected by physical laws.
Explanation/Theory/Explanation Direction/Bigelow/Pargetter: The theory of flux changes the direction of the explanation.
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I 66
Independence/Explanation/Science/Bigelow/Pargetter: logical independence must not be pushed to the point where there is no relevant link between the entities. (Here properties of the 1st and 2nd level).
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I 67
Independence/Movement/before/after/Pre-history/Determination/Ockhamists/Bigelow/Pargetter: Problem: at the top of a parabola (trajectory of a projectile), the body moves horizontally, but this is not independent of the before and after.
Flux/Vector/Newton/Bigelow/Pargetter: considers the movement at this point as independent. There is at least one logical independence.
Velocity/Newton/Bigelow/Pargetter: can be completely independent of 2nd level properties: e.g. transmission of velocities by impact. (+...)
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I 68
Consistency/Newton/Bigelow/Pargetter: after that, it is not even absurd to attribute a velocity of 0 to a body that does not move noticeably.
Vector/Newton/Bigelow/Pargetter: therefore, it is not logically necessary that a vector is linked to attributes that change over time.
Change of location/Ockham/Bigelow/Pargetter: when we look at the sequence of positions in time, the Ockhamists do not imply instantaneous velocity (entails).
Malebranche/Change/Movement/Bigelow/Pargetter: (Ockhamist): according to Malebranche, God creates the object anew at every point. This is not a causal process.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Big I
J. Bigelow, R. Pargetter
Science and Necessity Cambridge 1990


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-17