Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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I 131
Language/Bigelow/Pargetter: the sentences of the language can be divided into two parts:
a) Theorems (logically necessary).
b) Non-theorems. (These can also be wrong).
Non-theorems: even they may be necessary true. For example, that electrons have a negative charge.
Metaphysically necessary/Bigelow/Pargetter: such sentences can be called "metaphysically necessary". Because its truth is not guaranteed by theorems. (Or does not follow from logic alone).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Big I
J. Bigelow, R. Pargetter
Science and Necessity Cambridge 1990

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-25