|Platonism: Platonism in the narrower sense is the thesis in modern philosophy that some ideas and mental objects, especially ideas, are attributed reality. Various authors are Platonists with respect to e.g. numbers, mathematical entities, or universals. In contrast, e.g. intuitionism of mathematics assumes that numbers are not objects. This distinction has a significant effect on the logical formalisability of statements of mathematics. See also nominalism, mathematical entities, theoretical entities, completeness, evidence, fictions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Platonism/Bigelow/Pargetter: Thesis: Bigelow/Pargetter pro Platonism, but a scientific Platonism.
Universals/Realismus/Bigelow/Pargetter: Universal realism allows us to be realists in terms of causation. For this we have to recognize forces as vectors and proportions as causally active.
Existence/Property/Instantiation/Uninstantiated/Plato/Bigelow/Pargetter: pro: a property does not have to be instantiated to exist.
Possible worlds/realism/Bigelow/Pargetter: statistical concluding can be realistically understood if we allow possible worlds.
Chance: we can also realistically analyze objective chances with them, as well as natural necessity in natural laws and its connection with counterfactual conditionals.
Explanation: can be realistically constructed with possible worlds._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
J. Bigelow, R. Pargetter
Science and Necessity Cambridge 1990