|Names, proper names, philosophy: the status of proper names is a relatively new philosophical problem. S. A. Kripke has treated it as one of the first in “Naming and Necessity” (three lectures at Princeton University 1970, reprint Cambridge, 1980). Against the traditional bundle theory, according to which the meaning of names lies in the properties, or at least in the essential properties of their bearers, Kripke develops a causal theory of the names, which ultimately goes back to a baptism in the broader sense. The decisive point is that the name is associated with the person but it is not required that the person has any additional properties. See also causal theory, possible worlds, rigidity, rigid designators, descriptions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Books on Amazon
Names/Pronouns/Bigelow/Pargetter: we have allowed a name to be replaced by a pronoun.
Example: The stock market in Japan has collapsed.
The stock market in it has collapsed.
Quantification/Name/Pronouns/Bigelow/Pargetter: after we have replaced the name with a pronoun, we can quantify via it. Example:
For each country: the stock market in it has collapsed.
Quantification of the 2nd level/logic 2nd level/Bigelow/Pargetter: then one might ask, why should this not also work for predicates, if it is possible with names? > Quantification._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
J. Bigelow, R. Pargetter
Science and Necessity Cambridge 1990