|Politics: politics is a comprehensive expression for the public negotiation and establishment of orders which should be valid for a community or society. See also power, society, history._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Baruch Spinoza on Politics - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 232
Politics/Spinoza/Höffe: Although there is no political philosophy in ethics - it is only hinted at in two concise references in Theorem 37(1) - Spinoza's basic idea has an eminently political meaning. Without having to say it, religious and state regulations are replaced by a philosophically founded insight, a knowledge.
Spinoza thus opposes every form of life that is authoritatively prescribed from the outside, whether stemming from Judaism or from the strict Calvinism that was dominant in the Netherlands at the time. It is replaced by a life that comes from within, not from the passive affects of desire, joy and sorrow, but from the active affect of bravery (fortitudo) - in the sense of strength of character.
1. Spinoza. Ethica ordine geometrico demonstrata, 1677
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Spinoza: Complete Works Indianapolis 2002
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016