Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Politics: politics is a comprehensive expression for the public negotiation and establishment of orders which should be valid for a community or society. See also power, society, history.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
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Adorno XIII 239
Politics/Hobbes/Adorno: The power struggles within which Hobbes' materialism is to be understood were, in essence, the power struggles between the state as an organization that affects the real coexistence of people, against the power of the churches. The inner pathos of the whole Hobbes' thinking goes - this is wholly Renaissance-like - into the direction of strengthening the power of the state against the interference of the Church. Therein he is quite similar to Macchiavelli.
How does Hobbes' extremely authoritarian state philosophy combine with a certain materialistic basic conception in metaphysics or natural philosophy?
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Adorno XIII 249
Politics/Power/Hobbes/Adorno: The idea of ruling nature is extended by Hobbes also to the inner-human nature. He equates human nature with the animal world, as it becomes clear in his famous parable, that a human is to another human like a wolf, homo homini lupus.
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XIII 250
HobbesVsAristoteles: The Aristotelian concept of zoon politikon, the human as a political animal, is denied by Hobbes. For the nominalistic Hobbes, there are only the pure, natural, self-sustaining individual beings. Certain moments of this view are not so different from the ethics of Spinoza - e.g. the principle that every being is first determined by the need to preserve itself.
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XIII 251
State contract/Hobbes/Adorno: according to Hobbes freedom is not good for anything. The evil animals, the human beings, transfer them to the sovereign, who keeps them as far as he still guarantees to them the possibility of self-preservation.
It is materialistic in the fact that humans as natural beings are constituted only by the bare need and the only chance to get beyond the possibility of the conflict is that the fulfillment of the needs is made dependent on the renunciation of the original war of all individuals against all individuals - the original bellum omnium contra omnes.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

A I
Th. W. Adorno/M.Horkheimer
Dialektik der Aufklärung Frankfurt 1978

A II
Theodor W. Adorno
Negative Dialektik Frankfurt/M. 2000

A III
Theodor W. Adorno
Ästhetische Theorie Frankfurt/M. 1973

A IV
Theodor W. Adorno
Minima Moralia Frankfurt/M. 2003

A IX
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 8: Soziologische Schriften I Frankfurt/M. 2003

A V
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophie der neuen Musik Frankfurt/M. 1995

A VI
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften, Band 5: Zur Metakritik der Erkenntnistheorie. Drei Studien zu Hegel Frankfurt/M. 1071

A VII
Theodor W. Adorno
Noten zur Literatur (I–IV) Frankfurt/M. 2002

A VIII
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 2: Kierkegaard. Konstruktion des Ästhetischen Frankfurt/M. 2003

A XI
Theodor W. Adorno
Über Walter Benjamin Frankfurt/M. 1990

A XII
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 1 Frankfurt/M. 1973

A XIII
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 2 Frankfurt/M. 1974


> Counter arguments against Hobbes

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-22