Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Science: A. Science is a) an inventory of statements on defined subject domains obtained with certain methods, rules and instruments as well as b) a set of methods, instruments and rules for obtaining new statements on the same subject domain. B. Groups of people who are counted to a subject area, whereby these groups are being formed by the common acceptance of methods, rules, instruments and the limitation of the subject areas. See also observation, observability, methods, systems, theories, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, verification.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Stephen Toulmin

Bubner I 131
Science Theory/Bubner: another line of the rehabilitation of ancient science theory: re-evaluation of the rhetorical logic of argumentation. Originally from legal subsumption logic, which was more suspected of being irrational.
Toulmin: "The Uses of Argument": 1958 (Habermas ties up with him).
Science is a part of human action and not a separate logic.
Overcoming a false elevation of logic into the rank of a science.
The thesis of technique of argumentation is the use of reasons for assertions, critical examination of evidence and the application of conclusions.
"Working logic" instead of "idealized logic".
Evidence is always pragmatic and intersubjective in the discussion.
Reason Criticism/Kant: Kant compares it to a Court of Justice. The question "quid facti" is preceded by the legitimation question "quid juris".
Deduction: deduction is in Kant proof of legal claims.
Universal pragmatics/Habermas/Apel: Bubner: here there is even more decisive argumentation logic.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Tou I
St. Toulmin
The Uses of Argument Cambridge 2003

Bu I
R. Bubner
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-24