|Dialectic: the expression dialectic has several meanings in philosophy. A. In the rhetorical sense, it is the art of conversation, B. The elaboration of more detailed determinations of a problem or concept by contrasting inherent opposites. C. In Hegel, dialectics means the movement of thought according to the inner constitution of the process of thought and the movement of reality corresponding to this movement of thought. See also thinking, world/thinking._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|II R. M. Hare Philosophische Entdeckungen in Grewendorf/Meggle(Hg) Linguistik und Philosophie, Frankfurt (Athenäum) 1974/1995
Dialectic/Hare: dialectic is like dancing, a typical cooperative activity. It consists in testing the proposed representation of the use of a word by using the word as it is, and then sees what happens.
Most popular example (destructive): the definition of "correct" as "to tell the truth and return the lent": Refutation by the example of the madman, to whom the weapons cannot be returned. (Reductio ad absurdum). (Plato, State).
Narrow analogy of discovering with remembering something.
Hare: the philosopher does not create his own objects of investigation, nor does he receive them as mere empirical data. Nevertheless, the assertion that there are such operations as negation etc. is not more mysterious than the assertion that there is a certain dance.
But that is mysterious enough._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Richard Mervyn Hare
The Language of Morals Oxford 1991