|Dialectic: the expression dialectic has several meanings in philosophy. A. In the rhetorical sense, it is the art of conversation, B. The elaboration of more detailed determinations of a problem or concept by contrasting inherent opposites. C. In Hegel, dialectics means the movement of thought according to the inner constitution of the process of thought and the movement of reality corresponding to this movement of thought. See also thinking, world/thinking._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Gadamer I 370
Dialectic/Aristotle/Gadamer: There is a famous passage in Aristotelian metaphysics(1) which has caused much offence (...). Aristotle says there that dialectic is the ability, even detached from the what, to investigate the opposite and [to investigate] whether one and the same science can go to opposites.
Gadamer: Here, a general characteristic of dialectic (which corresponds completely to what we find in
Gadamer I 371
Plato's "Parmenides" seems to be connected with a very special problem that we know from topology(2)
Whether the same science can be applied to the opposite seems to be a very specific question.(3) In truth, the connection between the two questions becomes immediately understandable if we retain the primacy of the question over the answer, which underlies the concept of knowledge.
Knowledge/Gadamer: Knowledge always means to go to the opposite at the same time. This is its superiority over being taken in by the opinion that it understands possibilities as possibilities to think. Knowledge is dialectical by nature. Cf. >Doxa/Plato.
1.Aristotle, Metaphysics 4, 1078 b 25ff
2. 105 b 23.
3. H. Maier, Syllogistik des Aristoteles Il, 2, 168.
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Bubner I 111
Dialectics/Aristotle/Bubner: "Organon": logical elements as "tools", separation of empiricism and instruments of science theory.
Topics/Aristotle: "Dialectics": regulates talking to one another. Discussed in topics.
Arguments: are always obvious or not, depending on the situation. Therefore, plausible arguments are never strict evidence!
Topoi: general statements, most common reference points, which are intersubjectively shared.
Analytics: on the other hand, strives for logical truth._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992