Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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History: history is the set of past events captured and illustrated by people. The general limitation of processing and presentation resources is linked to the fact that relevance plays a central role in the representation. History also differs from the past - which encompasses the totality of past events – in that it is re-written over and over again by re-evaluating the relationships between events and their relevance. See also past, memory, future, society, progress.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Carl Hempel on History - Dictionary of Arguments

Wright I 23
History/explanation/Hempel, C. G./von Wright, G. H.: Hempel's explanatory method was called the "Covering Law Model" (see Covering Law)(1).
Wright I 34
History/explanation/laws/Hempel/von Wright. G. H.: Hempel/thesis: historical explanations are missing the complete formulation of general laws, because the laws are too complex and we do not know them precisely enough. Historians' explanations are elliptical or incomplete in a characteristic sense. Strictly speaking, they are just sketches of explanations(2).


1. Hempel, C. G.: The Function of General Laws in History, in: Journal of Philosophy, 1942.
2. Hempel, C. G.: Explanation in Science and History, 1962, p. 107.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Hempel I
Carl Hempel
"On the Logical Positivist’s Theory of Truth" in: Analysis 2, pp. 49-59
In
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977

Hempel II
Carl Hempel
Problems and Changes in the Empirist Criterion of Meaning, in: Revue Internationale de Philosophie 11, 1950
German Edition:
Probleme und Modifikationen des empiristischen Sinnkriteriums
In
Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich, München 1982

Hempel II (b)
Carl Hempel
The Concept of Cognitive Significance: A Reconsideration, in: Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 80, 1951
German Edition:
Der Begriff der kognitiven Signifikanz: eine erneute Betrachtung
In
Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich, München 1982

WrightCr I
Crispin Wright
Truth and Objectivity, Cambridge 1992
German Edition:
Wahrheit und Objektivität Frankfurt 2001

WrightCr II
Crispin Wright
"Language-Mastery and Sorites Paradox"
In
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell, Oxford 1976

WrightGH I
Georg Henrik von Wright
Explanation and Understanding, New York 1971
German Edition:
Erklären und Verstehen Hamburg 2008


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-09-25
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