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Vicious Circle Principle/Russell: No totality can contain elements that are solely specified via this totality itself.
The Foundation a sentence must be outside of the sentence.
V 186 that captures not totalities of ordinary material things, because none of these contains elements that would that are specifiable only via this totality. - E.g. we can specify Friedrich in the regiment as the tallest man, but this can not be the only way to single him out.
Vicious Circle Principle/Sainsbury /(s): e.g. precludes heterology: R e R iff ~ R e R. - because R is specifiable here only by the totality of R.).
Me I Albert Menne Folgerichtig Denken Darmstadt 1988
HH II Hoyningen-Huene Formale Logik, Stuttgart 1998
Re III Stephen Read Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997
Sal IV Wesley C. Salmon Logik Stuttgart 1983
Sai V R.M.Sainsbury Paradoxien Stuttgart 2001