|Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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|Chalmers I 302
Information/"It from bit"/Wheeler/Chalmers: (Wheeler 1989, 1990), thesis: Information is fundamental to the physics of the universe, and even physical properties and physical laws could stem from information properties and the laws of information processing. (See also Fredkin (1990), Zureck (1990), Matzke (1992, 1994)). Note Chalmers I 388: Wheeler is concerned about yes/no responses in measurements as a basis for everything. Thus, he is closer to idealism than I am with my approach._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
J. A. Wheeler
Quantum Theory and Measurement Princeton 2014
The Conscious Mind Oxford New York 1996
Constructing the World Oxford 2014