|Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness.|
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|Armstrong III 160
Properties/Swoyer: thesis: must have "essential properties" themselves - but they are not phenomenal and do not consist of property of property - instead nomic relation to other property - ArmstrongVs: thesis: Properties can be their own nature - otherwise essential properties must have essential properties in turn - regress.
AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong
Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983