|Behavior, philosophy: behavior ist the set of observable changes in the describable state of living organisms that are initiated by these organisms themselves, or which are a reaction to external stimuli, in which there is a certain choice of the reaction. Flanking thoughts do not belong to behavior, since an arbitrary extension of the frame of reference would make a determination of the behavior impossible. See also behaviorism, psychology, mentalism, naturalism, observation._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Kim Sterelny Primatenwelten in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg.) Der Geist der Tiere, Frankfurt 2005
Perler I 371
a) simple case: the attribution and prediction of the behavior of other animals is initially more efficient if instead of an explicit representation only a "hidden variable" is assumed.
b) complex case: if the behavior becomes more complex however, the representation of foreign mental states is more efficient!
If one can trace the inner state, one no longer needs to trace every single connection between stimulus and behavior.
Attention/Animal/Sterelny: it seems that the representation of attention is not very demanding. However, it turns out that chimpanzees in the experiment do not differ significantly between attentive and inattentive coaches. E.g. coach with bucket over his head, or constantly turned away, etc. The chimpanzees solved all the tasks by chance.
Sterelny: you should not just explain this with input/output behavior, you have to ask whether sounds or gestures were involved.
Overall, the whole problem will be a knowledge rather than a knowledge of acting. Attention happens on many channels.
Reaction range/Behavior/Sterelny: I doubt that any behavior is absolutely necessary, because the motivational state of a mind reader also plays a role.
The reaction range depends on:
1. Spectrum of the other characteristics of the actor which are pursued by the mind reader.
2. The extent to which the reaction is also dependent on the other environment.
3. Under certain circumstances, the ability to imitate.
Environment/Animal/Sterelny: how does an animal categorize its environment? Are the categories concrete, sensuous or functional?_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Dawkins vs. Gould: Survival of the Fittest 2003
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005