|Deception, philosophy: A deception is an idea that diverges from what would have been expected by the way in which this idea was caused, when the expectation or expectability is based on past experience or shared experiences and expectations of a community of subjects. See also error, causal theory of knowledge, reliability theory, knowledge, certainty, objectivity, intersubjectivity._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Kim Sterelny Primatenwelten in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg.) Der Geist der Tiere, Frankfurt 2005
Perler I 364
Deception/error/correction/sense/perception/Sterelny: an organism that can register its environment only through a single stimulus is more susceptible, and has very limited control and adaptation of its behavior.
Changes to the environment often distort the input.
Sterelny: it is better to track down functionally relevant features of the environment over more than one channel. (Definition "stimulus-dependent": only one channel).
It is also possible for two independent stimuli to penetrate through the same channel: For example, a zebra can assess the degree of danger of a hyena by its attitude and viewing direction, both of which are perceived through vision.
The difference between the use of multiple stimuli and a generalization is difficult to draw. After all, no two attempts at approaching an enemy will produce exactly the same retina stimulus._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Dawkins vs. Gould: Survival of the Fittest 2003
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005