|Perspective: is the arrangement of objects as it arises with respect to the perception from a geometrical localization of the perceiver within an object space. In a broader sense, taking a foreign perspective also means taking the position of another person or group in the context of a discussion. See also bat example, foreign psychological._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Kim Sterelny Primatenwelten in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg.) Der Geist der Tiere, Frankfurt 2005
Perler I 381
Definition Two Action Test/Method/Experiment/Perspective/Sterelny: Group 1 rats see A: Left lever is pressed.
Group 2 rats see B: right lever is pressed.
1. This allows solutions with more than one behavioral program. A task can be divided into sub-tasks.
2. There must be different but equally appropriate ways of doing the sub-tasks.
E.g. a chimpanzee can do something with the feet just as well as with the hands.
If it now changes, then one can say that it executes the behavioral program correctly, but does not exactly imitate the subordinate tasks.
Perspective/animal/mind/Sterelny: instead of assuming that e.g. Chimpanzees can adopt a foreign perspective, the experiments can also be interpreted as: "Beg for food at those who have seen it": this does not need a theory about the internal causes of the behavior or about the role of seeing.
Extensive behavioral competences cannot be revealed by a single experiment.
Dennett/Whiten: The more situations there are in which primates use the relevance of the direction of view, the more one can say that they understand it as something mediated by the mind.
SterelnyVsDennett: I see it less metaphysically and more methodically._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Dawkins vs. Gould: Survival of the Fittest 2003
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005