Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Kim Sterelny Primatenwelten in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg.) Der Geist der Tiere, Frankfurt 2005

Perler I 360
Definition information gradient/knowledge/Dennett: the information gradient describes groups in which the members have a very different level of knowledge.
Information/mind reader/Animal/Sterelny: there are even less refined methods of using other things than sources of information as imitation:
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I 361
Stimulus increase: stimulus increase means an increased attention for the interests of others.
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I 368
Definition information gradient/information permeable/Sterelny: For the organisms, environments are information translucent as far as relevant features can be depicted in complex, one - to - many ways, in a world represented by direct sensory stimuli.
Information permeability/Sterelny: not information permeable are organisms that take relevant characteristics only through one sense. E.g. Pavlovian dog: the dog does not have the ability to use the information in one channel to simultaneously control the reliability of the other channel.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Tie I
D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg)
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-21