|Reason, philosophy: reason (German “Vernunft”, prudence) is the ability to get insight. The concept of reason in this sense is distinguished in the German Idealism from the concept of reason in the sense of “Verstand” (subtlety), whereby the latter refers to the recognition of regularities and differences and the former refers to the justification of principles which are the basis of the regularities. See also mind, spirit, idealism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Baruch Spinoza on Reason - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 234
Reason/Spinoza/Höffe: Spinoza takes (...) a "third way" between rationalism and the rejection of reason (1). In contrast to the rationalist principle "sola ratione", through reason alone, and the principle of "sine ratio", which is skeptical of reason, without reason at all, he advocates an address-dependent
Höffe I 235
“as well as”, which can be interpreted differently. The "as well as" can be understood as realistic, as appropriate for the time, or as elitist: According to Spinoza, few people are capable of philosophy to the point where reason alone is enough to lead a virtuous life.
1. Spinoza, Tractatus theologico-politicus, Chap. 15_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Spinoza: Complete Works Indianapolis 2002
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016