Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Utilitarianism: is a doctrine of ethics which takes the assumed greatest benefit for the greatest number of affected people as the moral aim. See also hedonism, good/the good, preference-utilitarianism, rule-utilitarianism, ethics, morality, deontology, consequentialism, benefit.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon:
Peter Singer
I 2/3
Utilitarianism/P. Singer: When it comes to achieving happiness for the largest number of individuals, consideration is given to what suffering or misfortune could be caused by enforcement. Utilitarianism is therefore not unrealistic. E.g. lies can be assessed in some circumstances as bad, in others however as good, depending on its consequences.
I 10
Utilitarianism/Bentham/P. Singer: Bentham thesis: "Everyone counts as one and nobody as more than one".
I 13
Utilitarianism/P. Singer: my version is not that of the classic utilitarians like Bentham, Mill and Sidgwick. Their utilitarianism is called "hedonist utilitarianism", which is about the multiplication of happiness. > Preference utilitarianism.
- - -
I 77
Tod/Hedonistischer Utilitarismus/P. Singer: da es nach dem Tod keine Bedürfnisse in Bezug auf Zukünftiges gibt, besteht nach dem hedonistischen Utilitarismus keine direkte Relevanz des Begriffs „Person“ (mit einem Sinn für Zukünftiges) in Bezug auf das Falschsein des Tötens. Indirekt aber schon: in Bezug auf die Befürchtungen, die ich als Lebender haben kann.
I 78
Die Sorge um die eigene Zukunft ist nun das, was die Person von anderen Lebewesen unterscheidet.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Sing I
Peter Singer
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011

Sing II
P. Singer
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015

> Counter arguments against Singer
> Counter arguments in relation to Utilitarianism

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-21