Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Religious beliefs: in contrast to other beliefs, religious beliefs are usually not subject of a questioning. Thus, for example, this is not about the probability of their application or the possibility of their refutation. Even if there are religious arguments, belief itself is not argumentative. See also beliefs.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon:
Peter Singer
I 3
Religion/Ethics/P. Singer: Thesis: Ethics is not only accessible in the context of a religion. It is even completely independent of religion. (> Euthyphron: "Good is what pleases the gods.").
P. SingerVsEuthyphro: the argument boils down to a circularity: in the end, God is good because he pleases God. ((s) > Euthyphro/Geach).
Ethics/Kant/P. Singer: Kant rejected any self-interest in the observance of ethical rules (for example, the avoidance of agony) and demanded that the laws should be obeyed for the sake of themselves.
Religion/Ethics/P. Singer: Thesis: our daily observation shows that ethical behavior does not require belief in heaven and hell, and vice versa, such a belief does not always lead to ethical behavior.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Sing I
Peter Singer
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011

Sing II
P. Singer
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015


> Counter arguments against Singer

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-21