|Ultimate justification: here we are concerned with the search for a justification of ethical norms or of measurement methods, which are proven to be no longer traceable. These are intended to enable the development of systems which cannot be rebutted as a whole, but against which only objections with regard to the internal structure can be put forward. This is intended to encourage collective work to improve generally accepted systems.|
Books on Amazon:
Ultimate justification/universalism/ethics/Utilitarianism/P. Singer: Thesis: The universal aspect of ethics provides a basis for starting with a generally understood utilitarianism.
If I want to generalize, I have to accept that my personal motives or preferences do not count more than the ones of others.
When I am in a group, it boils down to that the consequences of my actions are the best for all concerned.
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015