|Intelligence: intelligence is the ability to recognize patterns in presented information or to recognize possibilities for supplementing and transforming known patterns that go beyond repetitions.|
Books on Amazon:
Intelligence/equality/P. Singer: Assuming - for the sake of the argument - there would be a difference between the races with regard to intelligence, the consequences would be less drastic than is often assumed for three reasons;
1. The Genetic Hypothesis (that there are differences between races) would not weaken our efforts to combat the causes of inequality, e.g. by better conditions for less well-off people, even if this would not eliminate the actual causes of the inequality (according to the hypothesis).
2. If the average of an ethnic group is slightly higher than that of another, this does not allow to make statements about individual individuals from both groups.
3. Moral equality/Ethics/P. Singer: our principle of equality is not related to any outer-moral characteristics (e.g., intelligence).
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015