|Intelligence: intelligence is generally, the ability of solving problems mentally. A large number of components are involved, which makes a strict definition of intelligence impossible. Typical problems are pattern recognition, continuation of sequences, paraphrasing of language utterances. See also computation, artificial intelligence, strong artificial intelligence, thinking, knowledge, understanding, memory, psychology._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Books on Amazon:
Intelligence/equality/P. Singer: Assuming - for the sake of the argument - there would be a difference between the races with regard to intelligence, the consequences would be less drastic than is often assumed for three reasons;
1. The Genetic Hypothesis (that there are differences between races) would not weaken our efforts to combat the causes of inequality, e.g. by better conditions for less well-off people, even if this would not eliminate the actual causes of the inequality (according to the hypothesis).
2. If the average of an ethnic group is slightly higher than that of another, this does not allow to make statements about individual individuals from both groups.
3. Moral equality/Ethics/P. Singer: our principle of equality is not related to any outer-moral characteristics (e.g., intelligence)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015