|Presuppositions: are silent assumptions, which are contained in utterances. These assumptions are suggested by the context or conventions. E.g. "All my children sleep" presupposes that I have children. (See A. von Stechow, "Schritte zur Satzsemantik", ww.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/~astechow/Aufsaetze/Schritte.pdf (26.06.2006) p. 80)._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Meg I 303
Presupposition/RyninVsStrawson: ...then it follows, paradoxically, that all of the prerequisite allegations were true: it should apply: S > S and S ~> S", but it is also true that S v ~ S. It follows that: S" - in other words,. (~ S"> ~ (S v ~ S))> S - HungerlandVsStrawson: his presupposition is not a context-implication - it implies in addition that I believe to have children - VsStrawson: normal communication does not go like that.
Meggle I 300
Presupposition/Strawson: Definition "S presupposes S': The truth of S' is a necessary condition of the truth or falsity of the assertion that S.
E.g. "All my children sleep tight" presupposes "I have children".
David RyninVsStrawson: paradoxically from this interpretation follows that all presupposed assertions would be true: S > S' and ~ S > S'; but also this applies: S v ~ S. From this follows: S'.
In other words: (~S' (S v ~ S))> S is analytically true in a system of bivalent propositional logic._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Grice: > Meg I
G. Meggle (Hg)
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung Frankfurt/M 1979