﻿ John Rawls on Method - Dictionary of Arguments

# Dictionary of Arguments

Method: a method is a procedure agreed on by participants of a discussion or research project. In the case of violations of a method, the comparability of the results is in particular questioned, since these no longer come from a set with uniformly defined properties of the elements.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 39
The problem of priorities/principles/Rawls: this is about establishing the priority of the fair or the law before the good.
"Lexical Order": the requirement to fulfil a principle before the following principle can be fulfilled. Principle of freedom, principle of equal opportunities, difference principle.
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I 43
Methods/Rawls: Principles/Intuition/Rawls: A. In the initial position for the establishment of a society, the weighting of principles must be discussed between the individual members. They will aim for a different weighting of their own accord.
B. Another possibility is the lexical order for the execution of principles in an order to be selected.
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I 43
The sequence itself is simply serial and avoids having to weigh the principles against each other from the very beginning. See Principles/Rawls.
Problem: in a lexical order, the principles discussed first must have certain limitations so that they do not exclude issues to be addressed later.
Solution/Rawls: to treat the principle of justice as the first principle makes it possible to work on further principles afterwards. This would not be possible if the principle of usefulness were put at the beginning.
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I 45
Justice/Principles/Rawls: we should develop a concept of justice that, however influenced by intuition, tends to converge our judgments on justice.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Rawl I
J. Rawls
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-05-20