Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Idealization: idealization is a simplification of theories for the purpose of generalization. A) Before starting an investigation in physics, e.g. the assumption of a mass point, i.e. a practical impossibility, which, however, simplifies the calculation and delivers correct results. B) Subsequently, for example, the smoothing of the course of a curve of measured values. See also Theories, measurements.
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I 24
Idealization/Utilitarianism/Ideal legislator/Rawls: the adopted ideal legislator in utilitarianism is not different from an entrepreneur who makes decisions for the well-being of his entire company - here the whole society. This is the result of the utilitarian identification of the different people in a society with a single assumed total person by the impartial observer.

Rawl I
J. Rawls
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25