|Reference, philosophy: reference means a) the relation between an expression and one or more objects, thus the reference or b) the object (reference object) itself. Terminological confusion arises easily because the author, to whom this term ultimately goes back - G. Frege - spoke of meaning (in the sense of "pointing at something"). Reference is therefore often referred to as Fregean meaning in contrast to the Fregean sense, which describes what we call meaning today. See also meaning, sense, intension, extension.|
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|Horwich I 68
Propositional Reference/Ramsey: Characteristics of a religious attitude - e.g. of "the earth is flat": the aspect that the earth is flat - regardless of time and opportunity.
F. P. Ramsey
The Foundations of Mathematics and Other Logical Essays 2013
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994