|Self-referentiality, philosophy: A) self-reference is the description of an action or statement of a thinking subject, which is about this subject. B) is the nature of a linguistic expression (word or sentence) which, by its application, should apply to this expression. See also circularity, external/internal, reference system, paradoxes, heterology, paradoxes._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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|Joelle Proust Das intentionale Tier in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg) Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt/M. 2005
Perler I 243
Self-reference/animal/representation/Proust: large primates can refer to themselves when they have been teached the use of symbols, chimpanzees and orangutans - but not gorillas - can also recognize themselves in the mirror.
But it does not follow that they have a sense of personal identity._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg)
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005