Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Method: a method is a procedure agreed on by participants of a discussion or research project. In the case of violations of a method, the comparability of the results is in particular questioned, since these no longer come from a set with uniformly defined properties of the elements.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Field II 373ff
Epistemic Puzzles/Pollock/Putnam/Lewis/Field: Part 1: E.g. supposing we realize that our empirical methods in the past were not very reliable - then we also assume this for the future - so we should change - problem: method due to which we may have found out this cannot be more reliable than our present basic method - it uses itself for its investigation - wrong solution: meta method - part 2: says, that part 1 is contradictory: how can our method say, we you should not follow it? - Conclusion: 1. We cannot accept our methods as refutable - 2. We even have to do it - FieldVs: new discoveries must not be an argument against the old rule - the old rule is not the most basic, but an induction - also: It would be double-counted when the new observation would both change the initial adoption and at the same time would also count as evidence along with a new assumption - the most basic rule must be empirically irrefutable - ((s) it can only occur later).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Fie I
H. Field
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989

Fie II
H. Field
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001

H. Field
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980

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> Counter arguments against Pollock
> Counter arguments in relation to Method

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-05-22