|Science: A. Science is a) an inventory of statements on defined subject domains obtained with certain methods, rules and instruments as well as b) a set of methods, instruments and rules for obtaining new statements on the same subject domain. B. Groups of people who are counted to a subject area, whereby these groups are being formed by the common acceptance of methods, rules, instruments and the limitation of the subject areas. See also observation, observability, methods, systems, theories, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, verification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Bubner I 111
Science/Antiquity: Plato called it "dialectic". We would say "method" today.
Heidegger: modern conceptions about this are inadequate in principle, and there is even a truth slope between an initial "disclosure of being" and a modern scientific ideal.
History/Bubner: one should not artificially increase existing and estimable time intervals.
Method/Plato/Bubner: controlled access to truth, characterized by rationality and traceability.
Socrates: the procedural knowledge applied to political pedagogy is indirect and has not been kept tight.
Science Theory/Antiquity/Bubner: Plato: for him there is not yet a clear distinction between knowledge and its formal equipping.
Aristotle: Beginning of a separation of object and meta level: "Analytica posteriora"
Dialectic/Plato: A) Knowledge theory: the unaffectedness of true knowledge and reflection leads to a whole ensemble of rules and structures.
B) dialectic in Plato is also the logical relationship between assertion and inference.
C) way of determining terms. (Up and down process) The late Plato develops approaches of a propositional logic.
Dialectic/Aristotle: "Organon": logical elements as "tools", separation of empiricism and instruments of science theory._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992