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|Bubner I 35
Knowledge/Cave-Parable/Plato/Bubner: the knowledge acquired by the few should not lead to theoretical self-sufficiency.
The rare insight into the nature of the good is to be implemented politically. It is not a question of the value neutrality of a supreme object.
The philosophers must descend again to share life with fellow prisoners. They are committed to do this because of the peculiarities of what they have seen! (Good).
Only the one who has a goal in life can act rationally (reason).
Summary: the idea of the good must be understood literally. The parable-like dress does not point to an ontological secret doctrine.
The philosopher who, with this question of the meaning and purpose of the theory, relativizes the possibilities of the theory itself, becomes a dialectician. (Dialectic).
Knowledge/Menon/Plato: Aporia: either you cannot learn anything, or only what you already know.
Plato responds to this with the myth of Anamnesis. (Remembrance of the past life of the soul).
Knowledge/AristotleVsPlato (Menon): no knowledge arises from nothing.
In the case of syllogism and epagogé (nowadays controversial, whether to be seen as an induction) there is prior knowledge.
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992