Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Appearance, Philosophy: Apart from logical insights we receive all our insights through our senses. Therefore, it is believed that this knowledge is not only fundamentally fallible, but is more or less pre-structured by the nature of the sense organs. This structure is not necessarily so in the world outside the perceiving subjects. Because of the linguistic prestructuring of our approach to ourselves the inner life of the subjects is also not unfailingly recognizable. See also appearance, truth, certainty, knowledge, epistemology, introspection, incorrigibility.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Bubner I 50
Appearance/Plato: must be understood as the being of nothingness. Thus further problematizations are necessary in order to put the initial question in further dimensions.
This makes the conflict with Parmenides inevitable:
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I 51
Being/Parmenides: had forbidden to attribute a being to non-being.
Being/Appearance/PlatoVsParmenides: the solution of the problem of being has to be re-established, in memory of the linguistic nature of the concept.
Only in language can the concept of being express what it means, and also the concept of being is only meaningful in propositions.
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Bubner I, 97
Appearance/Plato/Bubner: is due to the peculiar structure of the speech to be able to link intolerable elements in the sentence together.
((s) thesis, Plato's criticism of the appearance appears to be a coherence theory rather than a correspondence theory.)
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I 98
Sophistes/Plato: It is not a step into the empiricism. Instead, one can see from the connection of the elements "Theaitetos sits" and "Theaitetos flies" that "man" and "sit", but not "man" and "fly" match.
The respective "eidos" is to be examined in the logos analysis to see if they can co-exist.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Bu I
R. Bubner
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-26