Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
Slater I 60
Thinking/future/children/cognitive development/Piaget: Piaget was interested in whether young children, around five years old, could “think ahead” in their everyday lives. He used a simple version of the Tower of Hanoi (TOH). Rules:
1. Only move one disk at a time
2. Never put a larger disk above a smaller disk.
Slater I 63
Piaget: conclusion: most five- and six-year-old children “cannot move the three-disk tower even after trial and error ( …) (Piaget 1976(1) p. 288).
VsPiaget: because, even an infant can remove a single obstacle to achieve a desired goal (McCarty, Clifton, & Collard, 1999(2)) or use a tool to retrieve a desired object (Chen & Siegler, 2000)(3).


1. Piaget, J. (1976) The grasp of consciousness. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
2. McCarty, M. E., Clifton, R. K., & Collard, R. R. (1999) Problem solving in infancy: the emergence of an action plan. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1091-1101
3. Chen, Z., & Siegler, R. S. (2000). Across the great divide: bridging the gap between understanding of toddlers’ and older children’s thinking. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 65, 2, (Whole No. 261).


David Klahr, ”Revisiting Piaget. A Perspective from Studies of Children’s Problem-solving Abilities”, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Piag I
J. Piaget
The Psychology Of The Child 2nd Edition 1969

Slater I
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-07-16
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