Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
David Papineau Die Evolution des Zweck Mittel Denkens in D. Perler, M. Wild (Hg) Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005

Perler I 254
Thinking/Knowledge/Animal/Papineau: Levels:
Purpose-Means-Thinking/Papineau:
Level 0: "Monomats": Tue V
Level 1: "Opportunists": If B, do V
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I 248
Level 2: "people in need": If B and T, do V
Level 3: "Voter": If B1 and T1, do V1, IF T1 is the dominant need
A comparative mechanism is needed here.
Level 4: "Learners": AFTER experience has shown that B1, T1, and V1 result in a reward, then ... (like 3).
Level 0: 4 apply to simple creatures. Nowhere is general information of the form "all A's or B's" or generic, causal information "A's cause B's"
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I 255
Or even conditionals about present circumstances, "If A occurs, B will also occur." > Generality


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Papi I
D. Papineau
Thinking about Consciousness Oxford 2004

Perler I
Dominik Perler
Markus Wild
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-24