Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

 
Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.

_____________
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data

 
Books on Amazon:
David Papineau
David Papineau Die Evolution des Zweck Mittel Denkens in D. Perler, M. Wild (Hg) Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005

Perler I 284
Purpose-means-thinking/language/animal/Papineau: (also as "Spandrille", side effect): Thesis: supposedly purpose-means-thinking emerged in a piggyback manner with language in the evolution.
PapineauVs: danger of circularity: the primary biological purpose of language could be to increase the supply of information, but this would not help if the purpose-means-thinking had not already been developed.
Papineau: language could also have developed first as an instrument for passing on information. E.g. "A tiger approaches".
---
I 285
Problem/Papineau: to explain the last step: what is the additional biological pressure that led to the language with which general information are reported?
A) If for the purpose of facilitating the purpose-means-thinking, then the purpose-means-thinking is not a side effect. It might have been language-dependent.
B) If, on the other hand, language developed the ability to represent and process general information on an independent basis, there are further problems:
1. Why should language be selected for reporting and processing at all?
2. Fundamental: If language is independent of the purpose-means-thinking, then we need a story about how this independent ability is subsequently expanded as a side effect for the purpose-means-thinking.
The point is that the purpose-means-thinking must exercise a behavioral control.
---
I 286
The ability for general information processing must be able to add something to the set of dispositions: E.g.: "From now on only fish instead of meat", E.g. "At the next mailbox I will post the letter".
Without this, the purpose-means-thinking makes no difference for our actions.
---
I 286
Language/Purpose-Means-Thinking/Evolution/Papineau: Problem: how could a new way to change our behavior arise without a fundamental biological change? As a side effect? This is a pointless assumption. It must have brought the ability to develop new dispositions.
It is hard to imagine how this should have happened without biological selection.
---
I 287
But this is not yet an argument for a wholly separate mechanism for the purpose-means-thinking in the human brain.
Weaker: there could be some biological mechanism for the purpose-means-thinking, e.g. that the language has developed independently of the processing and reporting. Thereafter, further steps allow their outputs to influence the behavior.
---
I 290
Language/Evolution/Generality/Papineau: previously I distinguished the language for special facts from one for general facts. Perhaps the former has developed for communication, and the latter for the purpose-means-thinking. Or language for general facts has evolved under the co-evolutionary pressure of purpose-means-thinking and communication.
Presentation/figurative/Papineau: how could the results of the figurative representation gain the power to influence the already existing structures of the control of the action?
---
I 291
Perhaps from imitation of complex action sequences of others.


_____________
Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Papi I
D. Papineau
Thinking about Consciousness Oxford 2004

Tie I
D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg)
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005


Send Link
> Counter arguments in relation to Language ...

Authors A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  


Concepts A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  



> Suggest your own contribution | > Suggest a correction | > Export as BibTeX Datei
 
Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-17