|Rationality, philosophy: rationality is the ability of a being to consciously adapt to a situation due to the generalizations of his experiences. It can also be rational to want to learn something new. See also system, order, creativity, discoveries, evaluation, repetition._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Books on Amazon:
|David Papineau Die Evolution des Zweck Mittel Denkens
In D. Perler, M. Wild (Hg) Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005
Perler I 246
Purpose/means/thinking/animal/evolution/Fodor/Papineau: newer direction: Fodor: the adoption of purpose-built modules selected for certain tasks. Problem: this bypasses the actual thinking, especially the consideration of the means.
Papineau: nevertheless, pro module. But as a later addition in evolution, for the coordination of perception and action.
Purpose-Means-Thinking: is a very special mechanism, not a "universal pocket knife".
Level 0: "Monomats": do V
Level 1: "Opportunists": If B, do V
Level 2: "people in need": If B and T, do V
Level 3: "Voter": If B1 and T1, do V1, IF T1 is the dominant need.
A comparative mechanism is needed here.
Level 4: "Learners": AFTER experience has shown that B1, T1, and V1 result in a reward, then ... (like 3)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Thinking about Consciousness Oxford 2004
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005