|Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Books on Amazon:
|David Papineau Die Evolution des Zweck Mittel Denkens in D. Perler, M. Wild (Hg) Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005
Perler I 252
Novelty/Learning/Drive/Animal/Papineau: e.g. a drive to register "unusual": the animal must be able to identify something unusual. It would not be good if this instinct would be satisfied every time it performed its function! For in the case of unusual things one should become even more watchful!
Conclusion: there is no reason to exclude drives which are reinforced by their own fulfillment. But if this is the case, no learning mechanism will be able to use the disappearance of the drive as the source of the reinforcement, especially since this disappearance is not a good substitute for the fulfillment of its function.
Rather, the learning mechanism must function with the aid of a different sign so that a behavior is an effective means for the fulfillment of a drive.
It is not sure if this is actually inherited._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Thinking about Consciousness Oxford 2004
D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg)
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005