Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments


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Knowledge: Knowledge is a conscious relationship to sentences or propositions, which legitimately attributes to them truth or falsehood. What is known is true. Conversely, it does not apply that everything that is true is also known. See also knowledge how, propositional knowledge, realism, abilities, competence, truth, facts, situations, language, certainty, beliefs, omniscience, logical knowledge, reliability

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Pfotenhauer IV 59
Knowing/I/Nietzsche: (F. Nietzsche Preface to the Genealogy of Morality, 1; KGW VI, 2, p. 259): "We are unknown to each other, we recognize, we ourselves to ourselves (...) As far as life (...) is concerned, the so-called 'experiences' - who of us is serious enough for that?
NietzscheVsDilthey: (F. Nietzsche: Die fröhliche Wissenschaft, V, 355; KGW V, 2, p. 276): "Even the most cautious (...) think that the known is easier to recognize than the foreign, for example, it is methodically required to start from the 'inner world' (...), because it is the world we know better!
Error of the errors! The known is the familiar; and the familiar is hardest to 'recognize', that is to see as a problem, i. e. as foreign as far, to see it as 'other than us'..."
(Apropos W. Dilthey, Einleitung in die Geisteswissenschaften, cf. J. Kamerbeek, Dilthey versus Nietzsche in Studia ophilosophica, Jahrbuch der Schweizerischen Philosophischen Gesellschaft 10 (1950), p. 57ff.)

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Nie I
Friedrich Nietzsche
Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe Berlin 2009

Nie V
F. Nietzsche
Beyond Good and Evil 2014

Pfot I
Helmut Pfotenhauer
Die Kunst als Physiologie. Nietzsches ästhetische Theorie und literarische Produktion. Stuttgart 1985

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-01-28
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