|Truth, philosophy: a property of sentences, not a property of utterances because utterances are events. See also truth conditions, truth definition, truth functions, truth predicate, truth table, truth theory, truth value, correspondence theory, coherence theory.
The most diverse approaches claim to define or explain truth, or to assert their fundamental indefinability.
A. Linguistic-oriented theories presuppose either a match of statements with extracts of the world or a consistency with other statements. See also truth theory, truth definition, theory of meaning, correspondence theory, coherence theory, facts, circumstances, paradoxes, semantics, deflationism, disquotationalism, criteria, evidence.
B. Action-oriented truth theories take a future realization of states as the standard, which should be reconciled with an aspired ideal. See also reality, correctness, pragmatism, idealization, ideas.
C. Truth-oriented theories of art attribute qualities to works of art under certain circumstances which reveal the future realization of ideal assumed social conditions. See also emphatic truth, fiction, art, works of art.
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Ries II 23
Truth/Nietzsche: nothing is true anymore and therefore everything is allowed. Mirror Cabinet of Perspectivism.
Ries II 33
Truth/About truth and lie in the extra-moral sense/Nietzsche: "The truths are illusions, of which one has forgotten that they are some".
Ries II 34
Truth/Lie/Nietzsche: the contrast is a construction forced by a social need. Truth interest: "Equating the non-equal".
Ries II 74/75
Truth/Beyond Good and Evil/NietzscheVsPhilosophy: illegitimate claim to be in possession of truth. Moral evaluations are given as necessary attributes of reality.
Ries II 86
Truth/Twilight of the Idols/Nietzsche: it ends with the old truth.
Ries II 110
Truth/Nietzsche: there is no truth.
Danto III 52
Truth/Nietzsche/Danto: (F. Nietzsche: Über Wahrheit und Lüge im außermoralischen Sinne, KGW 1/III, 2, p. 374f): So what is truth? A moving army of metaphors, metonyms, anthropomorphisms, in short, a sum of human relations that have been poetically and rhetorically exalted, transmitted, adorned, and that seem to be fixed, canonical and binding to people after a long period of use: the truths are illusions, of which one has forgotten that they are some, metaphors that are worn out and have become sensually powerless, coins that have lost their picture and now as metal do not count as coins anymore.
Danto III 53
Metaphor/Nietzsche/Danto: Please note that here metaphors are linguistic means of expression for experiences and not for things. This makes it almost inevitable that the expression of an unconventional experience will be almost incomprehensible. (See Experience/Nietzsche).
Danto III 232
Truth/Nietzsche/Danto:... in so far as he [the scientist] affirms this 'other world' [which the scientist wants to discover] he does not have to deny its counterpart, this world, our world...? ... Then it is still a metaphysical belief on which our belief in science is based (...). Plato's belief that God is the truth, that the truth is divine.... (F. Nietzsche: Die Fröhliche Wissenschaft, KGW V. 2, p. 259).
Danto III 233
God/Truth/Nietzsche/Danto: Zarathustra says that God is dead. If he is right and God is equated with truth, the truth must be dead.
Nihilism/Nietzsche: but how, if this becomes more and more unbelievable, if nothing turns out to be more than divine, unless the error, blindness, the lie, - if God Himself proves to be our longest lie (ibid. p. 259).
Danto III 234
Danto: a new problem arises: the question of the value of truth. And since the scientist is committed to the truth, the question cannot be answered scientifically.
Nietzsche: All science, (...) the natural as well as the unnatural (...) is now looking to talk the human being out of his former respect for himself. (F. Nietzsche: Zur Genealogie der Moral, KGW VI. 2, p. 422.)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe Berlin 2009
Beyond Good and Evil 2014
Nietzsche zur Einführung Hamburg 1990
A. C. Danto
Connections to the World - The Basic Concepts of Philosophy, New York 1989
Wege zur Welt München 1999
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche as Philosopher: An Original Study, New York 1965
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005