|Knowledge: Knowledge is a conscious relationship to sentences or propositions, which legitimately attributes to them truth or falsehood. What is known is true. Conversely, it does not apply that everything that is true is also known. See also knowledge how, propositional knowledge, realism, abilities, competence, truth, facts, situations, language, certainty, beliefs, omniscience, logical knowledge, reliability_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Allen Newell/Herbert A. Simon Computerwissenschaft als empirische Forschung (1976) in Dieter Münch (Ed.) Kognitionswissenschaft Frankfurt 1992
Münch I 74
Knowledge/Search/Recognition/Menon/Socrates: How do you want to search that of what you do not know what it is?
And if you find it, how do you recognize that it is what you did not know?
Solution/Plato: The Famous Theory of Recollection.
Knowledge/Finding/Recognizing/Newell/SimonVsPlato: today much easier explanation: to represent a problem means,
1. a test for a class of symbol structures (solutions) and
2. a method for generating symbol structures.
Why do we not immediately produce an expression that describes the solution? We do that when we wish and dream.
But: knowing how we would test something if we had it does not mean we know how it is developed.
There are move procedures, but there is no procedure for winning moves.
There must be a problem area prior to the move process.
Definition moves/move/Newell/Simon: moves are transformations of problem area situations.
Symbolic systems: they guarantee that they can represent problem areas and have move procedures._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
D. Münch (Hrsg.)
Kognitionswissenschaft Frankfurt 1992