|Intelligence: intelligence is generally, the ability of solving problems mentally. A large number of components are involved, which makes a strict definition of intelligence impossible. Typical problems are pattern recognition, continuation of sequences, paraphrasing of language utterances. See also computation, artificial intelligence, strong artificial intelligence, thinking, knowledge, understanding, memory, psychology._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Münch III 57ff
Intelligence/Newell/Simon: there is as little a "principle of intelligence" as there is a "principle of life", which explains the essence of life from its very nature. But that is not that there are no structural requirements for intelligence.
Münch III 69
General Problem Solver/Newell/Simon: (GPS) general mechanisms, schemes, for performing different tasks. Distinction nets, pattern recognition mechanisms, syntax analysis.
Münch III 76
Definition Intelligence/Newell/Simon: a system with limited processing capacity is to make wise decisions in the face of what is next to be done.
Prerequisite: the solution distribution must not be completely random! Pure insertion and testing is not intelligent.
Origin of intelligence is nothing mystic: it comes from search trees.
Allen Newell/Herbert Simon, “Computer Science as Empirical Inquiry: Symbols and Search“ Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 19 (1976), 113-126_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
D. Münch (Hrsg.)
Kognitionswissenschaft Frankfurt 1992