Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Intelligence: intelligence is generally, the ability of solving problems mentally. A large number of components are involved, which makes a strict definition of intelligence impossible. Typical problems are pattern recognition, continuation of sequences, paraphrasing of language utterances. See also computation, artificial intelligence, strong artificial intelligence, thinking, knowledge, understanding, memory, psychology.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Münch III 57ff
Intelligence/Newell/Simon: there is as little a "principle of intelligence" as there is a "principle of life", which explains the essence of life from its very nature. But that is not that there are no structural requirements for intelligence.
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Münch III 69
General Problem Solver/Newell/Simon: (GPS) general mechanisms, schemes, for performing different tasks. Distinction nets, pattern recognition mechanisms, syntax analysis.
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Münch III 76
Definition Intelligence/Newell/Simon: a system with limited processing capacity is to make wise decisions in the face of what is next to be done.
Prerequisite: the solution distribution must not be completely random! Pure insertion and testing is not intelligent.
Origin of intelligence is nothing mystic: it comes from search trees.


Allen Newell/Herbert Simon, “Computer Science as Empirical Inquiry: Symbols and Search“ Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 19 (1976), 113-126


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Mü III
D. Münch (Hrsg.)
Kognitionswissenschaft Frankfurt 1992


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-08-14
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