|Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontic logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Stegmüller IV 172
Objectivity/Ethics/Mackie: However, there is a level of objectivity in the question of what are generally accepted measures of value.
This corresponds to a second-level subjectivism. This is supported by:
1. Relativity argument: we meet different moral rule systems in the world. Objectivism would have to characterize all but one as an error.
2. Peculiarity argument: whoever believes in objective values and norms must take this belief seriously. This leads to peculiar entities such as "shouldbedone", "shouldnotbedone", etc.
Representatives: Moore: Values are "nonnatural qualities". They demand a special ability of insight. (Detectiveism, "Euthyphro", intuitionism)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Rudolf Carnap und der Wiener Kreis
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I, , München 1987
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I Stuttgart 1989
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 2 Stuttgart 1987
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 3 Stuttgart 1987
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989