Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Twin earth: is an expression from a thought experiment by H. Putnam (H. Putnam, The meaning of ‘meaning’, In Philosophical Papers, Vol. 2 Mind, Language and Reality, Cambridge, 1985). It is assumed that there is a second earth, which resembles our own in every detail, except for the composition of the substance water. However, the twin earth-water has phenomenologically the same properties as our water and is also called water there. The example should show that we cannot determine the reference of expressions independently of the environment. See also reference, externalism, internalism, anti-individualism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
Dennett I 268
Twin Earth/Monod/Dennett: Monod posed and solved the problem of Putnam's twin earth: meaning is not in the head, it is also not quite in the DNA.
Dennett: this also applies to the poetry (> hermeneutic circle).
In the opinion of some authors, "gene centrality" is thus disproved.
Dennett: that was an over-simplification anyway.
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I 271
Niche: every functional structure implicitly carries information about the environment in itself.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Mon I
J. Monod
Zufall und Notwendigkeit Hamburg 1982

Den I
D. Dennett
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997

Den II
D. Dennett
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999


> Counter arguments against Monod

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-20