Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Nature, philosophy: nature is usually defined as the part of reality that was not made or designed by humans. No properties can be attributed to nature. E.g. since contradiction is ultimately a language problem, one can say that nature cannot be contradictory. Not all forms of necessity can be attributed to nature, e.g. non-logical necessity and unnecessary existence. See also de re, de dicto, necessity de re, existence.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Dennett I 311
Monod/Francois Jacob: thesis: nature is a "hobbyist" (bricolage). Opportunism prevails, coincidence and complete lack of direction (Stuart KauffmanVs).
Kauffman: the forced moves can also be found by a blind hobbyist.
Definiton Bricolage/Lévi Strauss: the bricolage can be guided by the characteristics of the material technique, the engineer, on the other hand, demands completely formable material.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Mon I
J. Monod
Zufall und Notwendigkeit Hamburg 1982

Den I
D. Dennett
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997

Den II
D. Dennett
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-23